Feb 22, 2018 by Kelly Lindell
Over one-third of US adults older than 65 have some type of eye condition. If not diagnosed on time and properly treated, vision problems can lead to a severe decrease in life quality and independence. On the other hand, as home health experts point out, seniors who regularly check their eyes can prevent many issues and complications, maintaining an active and fulfilled lifestyle.
This is why it is important that older adults are aware of some of the most common eye conditions that develop in old age, recognizing their symptoms and reacting to any eye issues in a timely manner.
The macula is a small part of the retina that is responsible for sharp vision. When it is damaged, as in the case of macular degeneration, vision becomes blurry and decentralized, so it becomes hard to engage in any activity that needs central vision, such as driving. While there is no cure for this condition, its symptoms can be improved with medications, supplements, and diet changes.
Home health experts report that many older adults have dry eye syndrome and do not take it seriously. While the condition is usually mild, it can cause eye damage and even lead to blindness. That is why it mustn’t be ignored. The symptoms of dry eyes syndrome include irritation, dry eye sockets, light sensitivity, and blurry vision. The condition can be treated with artificial tears or prescribed ointments that promote tear production. Often, treating the eyelids or eye inflammation can resolve the issue.
A clouding of the lens, a cataract reduces vision quality. Its symptoms are blurry or hazy vision, as well as fading lights. The condition can be treated with the use of glasses or lenses, but if those measures do not work, surgery is advised.
Glaucoma is one of the main causes of blindness in the US, according to home health experts. Developing as a result of high eye pressure, glaucoma doesn’t need to exhibit any symptoms in its early phases, so regular eye check-ups are vital in diagnosing the condition early on. Glaucoma is treated with eye drops, medication or laser surgery.
Vision problems for which there is no cure or treatment are known as low vision. Seniors with low vision can opt for vision training, rehabilitation or aids in order to lead quality lives despite eye issues.
Home health experts and family members can help seniors with vision problems boost independence, enjoying their senior years to the fullest. To prevent additional problems and manage existing conditions, it is vital that older adults visit their ophthalmologist on a regular basis.